Ipratropium bromide (pronounced as “i-pra-TROE-pee-um”) is an inhalation solution that belongs to the drug class of bronchodilators. Atrovent is one of the brand names of ipratropium bromide.
Ipratropium bromide is indicated as a bronchodilator for maintenance treatment of bronchospasm associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, including chronic bronchitis and emphysema. It may also be used to treat other conditions as determined by your doctor. It is administered either alone or with other bronchodilators, especially beta-adrenergics (albuterol). This solution can be mixed in the nebulizer with albuterol if used within one hour.
Take ipratropium bromide exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Do not take it more frequently without your doctors approval. Excessive use may result in decreased efficacy and increased side effects. Store medication at room temperature, away from direct heat or sunlight. Rinse your mouth after each dose to help relieve dryness and throat irritation.
Onset, Peak, and Duration
Onset occurs within 5 to 15 minutes after inhalation. Peak effect occurs 1 to 2 hours after inhalation. Effects usually persist for 3 to 4 hours; up to 6 hours in some patients.
Do not double dose if missed, but take it as soon as remembered. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and resume regular dosing schedule.
Possible side effects that may occur during treatment include dry mouth, irritated throat, dizziness, headache, heartburn, loss of appetite, restlessness, nervousness, trembling, and nausea may occur but should subside as your body adjusts to the medication. Chew gum or suck hard candy to relieve dry mouth. If these symptoms persist or worsen, Contact your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.
Inform your doctor if you experience chest pain, pounding heartbeat or breathing difficulties while taking this medication. If symptoms do not improve or worsen after taking this medication, call your doctor immediately. This medication SHOULD NOT BE USED DURING PREGNANCY unless clearly indicated UNDER DIRECT SUPERVISION OF YOUR PHYSICIAN.